電子煙:煙草商引領通往成癮的門路

2020-06-23

煙草商正在大力投資電子煙,以能吸引下一代的顧客與尼古丁連結,他們更致力誤導大眾,讓大家以為如電子煙這類霧化器產品是無害的。但其實絕非事實!

首先,大多數的電子煙都含有尼古丁。事實上,單個JUUL煙彈內就含有與一包香煙同量的尼古丁或200口煙。1

使用這些產品的青少年不太可能了解他們攝入多少尼古丁。2  煙草產品中的尼古丁不但會令人上癮,尼古丁本身也是有害的,並曾因毒性太強而一度用作殺蟲藥劑。3  尼古丁對年輕人來說特別危險,因為它可以永久性危害青少年的大腦。4  此外,電子煙含有毒化學物質,對於電子煙會帶來的健康風險,我們才剛開始逐漸了解。例如,在電子煙液中所發現的化學物質可能會妨害並減弱心臟的泵血能力。5  在許多煙汁中所發現的丁二酮化學物質,與一種被俗稱為爆米花肺的危險呼吸道疾病有關。6  但電子煙所帶來的健康風險只是危害的一部分。煙草商的計劃是什麼?就是讓年輕人迷上具有誘人口味和酷炫技術的產品,以掩蓋其真正的危險。而且這個技倆正在發揮作用,讓愈來愈多原本不會使用煙草產品的孩子都在吸電子煙7,這正是高中生最常使用的煙草產品。8  千萬不要被愚弄!煙草商的唯一目標是盡可能讓更多人沉迷於致命的產品。若想了解更多詳情,請瀏覽www.FlavorsHookKids.org/Chinese若想了解關於吸電子煙疾病爆發的詳請,請瀏覽英文網站CDC.gov

參考資料 renameme

  1. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. JUUL and Youth: rising E-Cigarette Popularity. tobaccofreekids.org. Published December 20, 2018. Accessed March 19, 2019.
  2. Willett JG, Bennett M, Hair EC, Xiao H et al. Recognition, use and perceptions of JUUL among youth and young adults. Tob Control. 2019;28(1):115-116. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054273
  3. American Chemical Society. Tobacco and its evil cousin nicotine are good as a pesticide [press release]. acs.org. Published October 27, 2010. Accessed April 16, 2019.
  4. Yuan, Menglu, Cross, Sarah J., et al. Nicotine and the adolescent brain, J Physiol. 2015 Aug 15; 593(Pt 16): 3397-3412
  5. Nystoriak MA, Kilfoil PJ, Lorkiewicz PK, Conklin DJ, Bhatnagar A. Abstract 20782: Arrhythmic Risk Evaluation of Native and Combusted Tobacco Flavor Additives in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes, Circulation. 2017;136(suppl_1)
  6. Allen JG, Flanigan SS, LeBlanc M, et al. Flavoring Chemicals in E-Cigarettes: Diacetyl, 2,3 Pentanedione, and Acetoin in a Sample of 51 Products, Including Fruit-, Candy-, and Cocktail-Flavored E-Cigarettes. Environ Health Perspect. 2015;124(6):733-9
  7. Barrington-Trimis JL, Urman R, Leventhal AM, et al. E-cigarettes, cigarettes and the prevalence of adolescent tobacco use. Pediatrics. 2016; 138(2): e201539883. Doi: 10.154/peds.2015-3983
  8. California Department of Public Health, California Tobacco Control Program. California Tobacco Fact and Figures 2018. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Public Health; 2018.