二手煙相當危險,請保護摯愛家人!

2020-06-23

來自傳統煙草香煙的二手煙實在非常糟糕,能夠散發至少70種致癌化學物質,因此即使短暫置身於二手煙中也具有危險。1

今時今日,由電子煙所產生的有害氣霧卻帶來新的危機,這就是所謂的電子煙二手煙。電子煙氣霧正如煙草的煙霧一般,可以在空氣中停留,並讓非吸煙者不由自主地吸入。美國醫務總長表示,暴露於二手煙中並沒有所謂的安全級別。兒童、孕婦、老年人和慢性病患者特別容易受到二手煙的危害。

有毒的電子煙氣霧含有害的化學物質,包括:

  • 尼古丁
  • 可吸進深入肺部的細微粒和超細微粒
  • 調味劑如聯乙酰,這是一種與嚴重肺病有關的化學物質
  • 揮發性有機化合物,如汽車排氣中的苯
  • 重金屬,如鎳、錫和鉛2

雖然許多加州居民已經選擇在自己的房屋、公寓和康斗內不允許吸煙或吸電子煙,但仍有成千上百萬的民眾可能依舊暴露於二手煙的煙霧及氣霧之中。3

煙霧及氣霧可以通過下列管道進入屋內:

  • 通風系統
  • 牆壁裂縫
  • 地板縫隙
  • 燈具
  • 排水管
  • 窗戶

事實上,若暴露於有毒的二手煙之中,可導致過去沒有任何症狀的孩童發生哮喘。3 暴露於二手煙對於兒童的其他健康影響4還包括:

  • 嬰兒出生時體重輕及肺部問題
  • 下呼吸道急性感染(支氣管炎和肺炎)
  • 中耳感染
  • 慢性呼吸道症狀或問題

二手煙的煙霧及氣霧也會在從嘴中呼出之後,被牆壁、地板、家具、衣服、玩具及其他住宅內的表面吸收。煙霧中的化學物質則需要好幾個小時、好幾天,甚至好幾個月的時間,才能回收至空氣中。5 即使在同一建築物內使用通風排氣,或是將吸煙與非吸煙的單位分開,並無法一直提供保護。

禁止在室內吸煙是徹底防止家裡暴露於二手煙危害的唯一方法。公寓的業主有權讓自己的建築物成為無煙環境。房東在準備一間吸煙者住過的單位給新房客時,實際上會花費更多清理費用(請參看無煙多單位住宅計算機網站Smoke-Free Multi-Unit Housing Calculator瞭解更多信息)。根據2010年的一項研究顯示,為新租戶準備一個吸煙單位的費用,平均來說要比準備一個不吸煙的單位多花費近5,000美元。6

你可以保護自己免於受到有毒二手煙煙霧及氣霧的危害。如果你需要更進一步的協助或信息,請聯絡當地健康部門。假若你因為二手煙飄散至屋內而導致健康狀況變得更糟,此時聯邦和各州的殘疾法律可能得以協助你解決問題(請瀏覽ChangeLab Solutions網站獲得免費資源)。根據你的殘疾狀況,你的房東可能會被要求必須進行更改,以減少你暴露於二手煙中的機會。

參考資料 renameme

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  2. California Air Resources Board. Environmental Tobacco Smoke. arb.ca.gov. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Secondhand smoke: An unequal danger. CDC Vital Signs. February 2015. Accessed January 4, 2019.
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  11. Wang X, Derakhshandeh R, Liu J, et al. One Minute of Marijuana Secondhand Smoke Exposure Substantially Impairs Vascular Endothelial Function. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016;5(8):e003858. Published 2016 Jul 27. doi:10.1161/JAHA.116.003858
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