電子煙不想讓你知道的二手煙蒸氣

電子煙和霧化裝置由於在年輕人中逐漸受到歡迎,因此不斷受到眾多關注。愈來愈多的研究顯示這些產品其實是有害的,而且很容易上癮。但是電子煙還有另一個值得大家注意的危害,就是當電子煙的吸煙者在吸煙並吐出超細微氣霧之時,也讓自己和周遭的人,以及周圍的環境均暴露於有害物質之中。1

不論電子煙製造商希望我們相信二手煙蒸汽是否有害,這些產品並不會釋放出無害的水蒸氣。這些蒸氣實際上是一種含有危險化學混合物質的氣霧。2  電子煙氣霧中至少有10種化學物質列於《加州65號提案》的致癌物和生殖毒素清單上。3  根據美國醫務總長的說法,電子煙氣霧可能會讓周圍的人暴露在有害物質之中,包括:

  • 尼古丁、
  • 重金屬、
  • 揮發性有機化合物,以及
  • 超細微粒,可在吸入後深入肺部2

暴露於細微粒和超細微粒中,可能會讓哮喘等呼吸系統疾病更加嚴重4,並且已知會對心血管系統產生直接的負面影響。5  電子煙的使用也被證明會讓動脈收縮,進而導致心臟病發作。6

更重要的是,根據研究顯示,較新款的電子煙和霧化裝置會比舊款裝置產生更多超細微粒。7

青少年的父母必須注意,美國醫務總長已將青少年使用電子煙標籤為一種流行病。

青少年對於電子煙的使用量在去年暴增78%1,現在有四分之一的高中生正在使用這些含有尼古丁的產品,尼古丁是一種會讓人高度上癮的化學物質。8

即使你的青少年子女並未吸電子煙,他們也可能正在吸入被其他吸電子煙者呼出的氣霧,這會對他們的健康構成威脅。9  請立即採取行動以呼吸清淨空氣。馬上在家中及車內採用無煙規則,電子煙也包括在內。歡迎了解更多關於如何保護家人遠離電子煙危害的詳情。請瀏覽SecondhandDangers.org/Chinese,以獲得更多有關二手煙和電子煙二手煙率上升的信息,並了解你的城市為了保護你所採取的措施。

參考資料 renameme

  1. U.S. Surgeon General. Surgeon General’s Advisory on E-cigarette Use Among Youth. e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov. Published December 18, 2018. Accessed December 27, 2018.
  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2016.
  3. U.S. Surgeon General. Surgeon General’s Advisory on E-cigarette Use Among Youth. e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov. Published December 18, 2018. Accessed December 27, 2018.
  4. U.S. Surgeon General. Surgeon General’s Advisory on E-cigarette Use Among Youth. e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov. Published December 18, 2018. Accessed December 27, 2018.
  5. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2016.
  6. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2016.
  7. U.S. Surgeon General. Surgeon General’s Advisory on E-cigarette Use Among Youth. e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov. Published December 18, 2018. Accessed December 27, 2018.
  8. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2016.